This museum is a cultural, scientific and
educational organization, which is responsible for the collection,
conservation and interpretation of the objects under its curation.
The first museum in Mongolia, the Mongolian National Museum, was
established in 1924 and became the basis for other museums, including the
National Museum of Mongolian History. Russian scholars, such as Pyotr Kozlov,
V. I. Lisovskii, A. D. Simukov, and the American researcher Roy Chapman
Andrews contributed to the museum's early collections and exhibits.
The modern National Museum of Mongolian History was established
after the merger of the historical, archaeological and ethnographical departments
of the State Central Museum and the Museum of the Revolution in 1991.
It is now located in a facility built for the Museum of the Revolution, which
was founded in 1971. The National Museum of Mongolia is currently recognized as
one of the leading museums in Mongolia. The significant responsibility for
preserving Mongolian cultural heritage, therefore, lies with the museum. It is
also responsible for developing museological guidelines for museums in the
Exhibitions cover prehistory, pre-Mongol Empire history, Mongol
Empire, Mongolia during Qing rule, ethnography and traditional life, and
twentieth-century history. The ethnographic collection has significant displays
of the traditional dress of various Mongolian ethnic groups and snuff bottles.
Most exhibits have labels in both Mongolian and English. The museum publishes
one or more issues of its in-house journal each year, with articles in
Mongolian and foreign languages, including Russian and English.