(Photo by Ch.Batzaya)
In 1580s, by the order of Dalai Lama first temple of Erdenezuu monastery was built on
the ruin of Mongolian ancient capital city Kharkhorin. By 1792s there were 62 temples, over 500 buildings nearby. The monastery was registered in “ Heritage
of Mongolia” by UNESCO.
Lama temple exposes 13 ‘nagtan’ images of Mahakala, six images of 12 Dalai
Lama's emanations and copper image of Under Gegeen Zanabazar.
Fence made by larch without using an iron nail symbolizes to protect from
outer and inner enemies. Also it used not to let many people and livestock into
the temple during major religious festivals like Tsam dance and Maitreya's
temple is devoted to deity Tsamba, has three rooms. Before four Lamas used
occupy each room recite certain sutras.
Zuu Temple was built by wish of Avtai Khaan,
his son Ereehei Mergen's queen Suntaihu and Holoch Darhan noyon's mother. Three
Buddhas in the center of the temple are Kasyapa, Shakyamuni, Maitreya.
Zuu Temple was built by Avtai Sain Khan this
temple in 15th of mid-month of the summer of the year of fiery
male dog year in old Tahai place.
Zuu Temple was built in request of Tusheet Khan
Gombodorj and his queen Khandjamts. There are three statues and Janraiseg,
Buddha Shakyamuni, Je Zonkhapa.
Temple was dedicated to Amitayus Buddha, in the past monks would recite sutras
in each rooms. In general, Mongols used to create Buddhas in many ways. In
here, appliquйs, wall images dated to the 19th century.
Stupa is a type of Bodhi stupa and is located on one plate surrounded by eight
smaller stupas. The stupa was dedicated to the Bogd Khaan. There is a Lamp
temple on the entry of the stupa, inside of which ceremony of offering of lamps
used to take place in four auspicious days of Buddha. Buddha image is inside
the shrine with its original consecration. This is the highest and biggest
stupa in Mongolia with a height of 13 meters.
Temple is unique construction of the temple roof without any nails can
easily be seen from inside the Blue temple and is considered as one of the
first temples of the monastery.
Temple exposes tankas, appliquйs, tsam dance masks; brocaded images of Buddha.
- Laviran Temple built in 1969-1973 which is considered as unique
Tibetan styled temple in Mongolia. In here, Buddha’s images, appliques, drum,
bell, vachra and embroiders.
Khutagt Ground is in the heart of the monastery which
was ger of Avtai Sain Khan. At a time 200 people could