This castle ruin is situated near Mount Khaldunzurkh in a valley
of Tuul River 20km northeast from Chin Tolgoyn Kherem in Dashinchilen Soum,
Bulgan Aimag. It was formerly a castle of Queen Madai Taigal, a mother of
Prince Tsogt. This temple-designed castle with a tiled-roof was surrounded by
several small fortresses. The fortress had a gate in the
south. There are many remains, perhaps of any settlement,
surrounding the castle. Therefore, it is said that many people had inhabited
around the castle. This castle was designed alike buildings in ancient capital
Karakorum and there was a big library which is rich of Buddhist sutras and
various kinds of books. In eastern hill of the castle, there was a turtle stone
much same as that of Karakorum.
This hill is called Melkhiit. Currently, there
are wall remains of building, a stone pedestal and a stele. The inscription in
Mongolian and Tibetan was about a construction work of the castle memorial
started in 1601. And also it said that ”On western bank of Tuul River south of
Mount Khaldunzurkh, 6 temples had been built over 17 years of time”. Buildings
in this memorial weren’t restored well due to frequent fighting among domestic
noblemen in 1627-1630. However, it was taken under state protection in 1971.
This area in Tuul River valley is called Bor Bulan and it is never droughty in
summer. Mount Zaamar, 20km northeast from the site, is a zone without zud in
any winter. (A zud is a Mongolian term for an extremely snowy winter in which
livestock are unable to find fodder through the snow cover, and large numbers
of animals die due to starvation and the cold.) So, area around the castle is
named as “Never droughty Bor Bulan, Toson Zaamar without zud”.
Prince Tsogt: He was born in 1581 becoming a son of Major Baarai, a direct
descendent of Genghis khan’s golden lineage. Prince Tsogt was one of few
educated people of the period who was literate via home schooling. He was
a military man, a translator and a poet who follows a red sect of Buddhism and
was also a persistent supporter of Ligden khan’s policy. He was recorded in
history because he had been fighting for the independence of his country by
leading 40,000 soldiers. He willy-nilly moved to Lake Khukh (Blue) leaving home
country being persecuted by noblemen who followed Manchu and joined with Ligden
khan in the fighting against Manchu. He was died in a battle field in 1637.