Uighar city ruin Baibalik is situated 14km west from the centre of
Khutag-Undur Soum, Bulgan Aimag and locals also call it
Biibulag. 44th line of an inscription on the stele which
is built in Saikhan Soum, Bulgan Aimag dedicating to Uighar king Myunchur says
that “I ordered to establish Baibalik city on bank of Selenge River”.
Therefore, researchers claim that this city was built by Myunchur, a king of
Uighar. Since its establishment, the city had always been visited by Sogd
(current Tadjigistans) and Chinese merchants, Sogd preachers.
They did a missionary work and translated Buddhist writings into
Uighar language. Baibalik was a flourishing city and one of cultural centers in
central Asia of the period. There were two fortresses built of clay in the
city. But most part of them collapsed and only east and north
section of the northern fortress remained currently. This remained fortress is
4m high and 2m thick. Many tiny holes on the fortress are supposed to have been
used for observing outside. On northern fortress of the city there was a large
temple surrounded by lions of male and female. In 840 Baibalik city was
destroyed by Kirgiz nomadic tribes from Yenisei River. All books and sutras
were burned during this destruction.