The people who study world history, know about Kharkhorin city. In 1206 Chinggis
khaan established the Mongolian Great Empire and built the capital city of Kharkhorin.
Researchers say Orkhon Valley is
Mongolian geographic center and gene,
and that Mongolian ancient tribes used to unite to focus to get the strength. "Kharkhorin"
is the Uighur word meaning "dark brown dirt soil." Kharkhorin is
surrounded by big walls, four palaces of Tumen amgalant had a green tile
floor, a large tree sculpted of silver and other precious metals
rose up from the middle of the courtyard and loomed over the palace,
branches of the tree extended into the building. Silver fruit hung from the limbs and it had four
golden serpents braided around the trunk, while within the top of the tree was
placed a trumpet angel, all is performing for the emperor's pleasure.
The four corners of the gate had a trading market, shining monuments on
the four turtle are in four corners, Christianity, Islamic, Buddhist religion, 12 Buddhist
temples were settled and artisan
districts and traders were to the streets of major cities. In 1380, 1466 the Ming state attacked the city, since then it failed to
recover but so far the glory of the name is not forgotten. In 1996, Mongolian and Japanese scientists did a detailed topographic
and concluded that there is 100 years of research left. Even though Kharkhorin
was the capital city of Mongolia, it was not the center that the kings used to
make political policy. The captured people are Roman Pontifical Plano Carpini
in 1246, Wilgelm De Rubruk in 1253,
Marco Polo who came to Kharkhorin near the Kubilai khaan in 1271, made the Kharkhorin city famous in
Every year 30,000
tourists visit Kharkhorin city to imagine ancient capital city as exist now.
Visiting Kharkhorin is an amazing experience to feel an old world capital. You
will wonder what is left and what is still exist.