ALTAI TAVAN BOGD (MONGOL ALTAI RANGE)

Mongolian territory stretches 3000 km from east to west. Altai Tavan Bogd Mountain is located in the western suburb borderline of Mongolia. The 5 highest peak of Mongol Altai mountain range called “Tavan bogd”, extends 900 kilometers. Mongolians name “bogd” the high mountains which they respect. Five high peaks are more than 4000 m above sea level; one of them is Mongolian highest point “Khuiten peak”.



In 1956, mountaineer have climbed 4374 m high “Khuiten peak” since then over 1200 foreign and Mongolian mountaineers climbed. The five peaks are covered by eternal snow cap.


20 km long glaciers flow in the canyon. There are magnificent river, fast flowing fresh water in the slope of the mountain. In June and July, over 100 kinds of flowers grow, snow capped peaks reflects in the beautiful clear lake, thousands of endangered animals pasture.


The sites of petro glyphs, carved gravestones, cave paintings, deer shrine graphics, archaeological findings, are left from the ancient people was lived in the 3000 BC.


All these marvelous scenery attracts many tourists. One of the Mongolian minority tribe, Khazakh people live in this mountainous area. They hunt with eagles, perform the Kazakhs (khuumii) simulates natural throat singing voice. Many tourists like to go for trekking, to see flowers, exploring Khazakh people’s life and eagle hunting, to see the trace of ancient people like petro glyphs, and the snow glacier.


Potanin glacier: Is a huge mass of ice caused by the pressure of gravity on high mountain areas. The Potanin ice river was discovered between1876-1899 by Russian scientist G.Potanin when he was doing a research in Mongolia, thus the river was named after him.

Potanin glacier is the largest glacier in Mongolia, the glacier is 20 km long and 5 km wide. It is thought to of formed 2 million years ago. In 1983, geography scientists studied and defined the total area as being 659km2. In 2005, Potanin ice survey researched and found that the ice has melted 378-242 cm. If global warming and climate change continue at their alarming rate, by 2090 the glacier ice will of completely melted.