KHUVSGUL LAKE: Khuvsgul lake is known as Asian
Switzerland and the Asian blue pearl. It is 1645 m above sea level
long and 262 m deep. It is the second-most voluminous freshwater lake in Asia,
and holds almost 70% of Mongolia's fresh water and 0.4% of all the fresh water
in the world. The lake
formed about 7 million years ago, it is connected under the Baikal Lake. Over
46 streams pour into Khuvsgul Lake, occupy for 1% of the fresh water, 12
species of fish, 4 large islands, and 70 percent of the lake is more than 100 m
deep, clear water reaches 24 m. By the end of the November, water freezes
completely 1 m thick ice. Surrounded by high mountains which is 3000-3200 m
high Khuvsgul Lake has a legend about lifted for “sea”. There is a legend about
how Khuvsgul as known as ocean.
When Mongolia was under the
Manchu depression they were imposing tax from the natural resources, and
worsening Mongolian economy. Local people were angry about it and arguing
Khuvsgul is not a lake it is an ocean. The Manchu asked how you would prove it.
They answered Khuvsgul pours into the 100 rivers because it’s an ocean. Manchu
officers knew about it, so they decided to count the rivers. The local
residents live by the lake had a religious ceremony asking from the god to rain
and flood the lake. After the rain, surrounding area was flooded. That is why
the Manchu people stopped to tax it and named as Khuvsgul Ocean.
Tourists come to see the lake,
relaxing, traveling by modern motor boats to the island in the middle of the
lake. You can travel by the “Sukhbaatar” ship running since 1910, for
continually 30 years. Khuvsgul is famous not only in Mongolia but also it is very
famous in the world. You can visit to the reindeer people which still keep the
ancient shaman rituals in Shishget khotgor.